FrÚttir

A­gengi a­ og upplifun hreyfihamla­s fˇlks af foreldrahlutverkinu. H÷fundur A­albj÷rg Gunnarsdˇttir

═ ■essari meistararitger­ er ger­ grein fyrir upplifun hreyfihamla­ra foreldra af foreldrahlutverkinu og a­gengi hreyfihamla­s fˇlks a­ foreldrahlutverkinu Ý ■eim tilfellum ■ar sem hreyfihamla­ar konur geta ekki gengi­ Ý gegnum me­g÷ngu og fŠ­ingu vegna sker­ingar sinnar. SÚrst÷k ßhersla er ß a­gengi a­ foreldrahlutverkinu Ý gegnum Šttlei­ingakerfi­ og l÷ggj÷f sem snřr a­ Šttlei­ingu barna erlendis frß. Um eigindlega rannsˇkn er a­ rŠ­a sem byggir ß greiningu opinberra gagna og opinna vi­tala vi­ 11 hreyfihamla­a einstaklinga, ßtta foreldra og ■rjß barnlausa einstaklinga. Ůß var teki­ vi­tal vi­ starfsmann sem vinnur Ý Šttlei­ingakerfinu. Helstu ni­urst÷­ur sřna a­ a­gengi hreyfihamla­s fˇlks sem ekki getur ßtt b÷rn a­ foreldrahlutverkinu Ý gegnum Šttlei­ingar er takmarka­. Til a­ m÷guleiki ■eirra ver­i meiri, ■a­ er a­ draumur ■eirra um barn rŠtist og a­ ■eir fßi tŠkifŠri til a­ upplifa foreldrahlutverki­ ■arf a­ eiga sÚr sta­ vi­horfsbreyting Ý gar­ hreyfihamla­s fˇlks var­andi foreldrahlutverki­. Einnig ■yrfti a­ koma til breyting ß l÷ggj÷f um Šttlei­ingar, bŠ­i hÚrlendis og erlendis, ■vÝ erlendu rÝkin hafa hvert um sig sÝnar reglur. Ůeir ■ßtttakendur rannsˇknarinnar sem ßttu b÷rn nutu ■ess a­ takast ß vi­ foreldrahlutverki­. Ůa­ var ■eim mikils vir­i a­ upplifa jßkvŠtt vi­horf og a­ tr˙ vŠri h÷f­ ß hŠfni ■eirra sem foreldra. Ůeir fengu hentugan stu­ning var­andi um÷nnun barna sinna sem tˇk mi­ af ■÷rfum foreldranna hverju sinni og voru ■eir allir ßnŠg­ir me­ ■ann stu­ning sem ■eir fengu og ■ß einstaklinga sem veittu stu­ninginn. Stu­ningurinn var řmist veittur af fj÷lskyldume­limum e­a af kerfinu Ý formi li­veislu og notendastřr­rar persˇnulegrar a­sto­ar. Foreldrarnir komu sÚr upp a­fer­um sem au­veldu­u ■eim lÝkamlega um÷nnun barna sinna og voru samhentir Ý uppeldishlutverkinu.

Abstract This M.A. thesis is about mobility impaired people and parenthood. It examines the accessibility of parenthood for mobility impaired people who are unable to endure pregnancy and childbirth and their experience and how they deal with parenthood. Special emphasis is placed on the adoption system and the laws and regulations regarding the adoption of children from abroad. This is a qualitative research which is based on analysing open interviews with mobility impaired people. Eight of the participants were parents and three childless. An interview was also taken with a staff member of the adoption system in Iceland. The results indicate that the mobility impaired people have limited access to parenthood through adoption. To increase theirs chance of making dreams come true, and becoming parents, it is necessary that the adoption laws and regulations will be amended, that however might not be enough as the main obstacle comes from other countries. The mobility impaired parents that participated in the research were seen to enjoy parenthood. It was very important for them to experience positive attitudes and belief in their abilities as parents from the people around them. The parents claimed to have received suitable support from their families and the social system enabling them to care and provide for their children. This support was satisfactory according to the participants. The parents also developed their own practical solutions to provide and ensure the safety of their children.

A­gengi a­ og upplifun hreyfihamla­s fˇlks af foreldrahlutverkinu


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