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Kj÷rfj÷lskyldur Šttleiddra barna af erlendum uppruna ß ═slandi : undirb˙ningur, frŠ­sla og stu­ningur. H÷fundur Snjˇlaug ElÝn Sigur­ardˇttir

═ ■essari ritger­ er sagt frß rannsˇkn sem fjallar um kj÷rfj÷lskyldur Šttleiddra barna af erlendum uppruna ß ═slandi. Tilgangur rannsˇknarinnar var a­ afla ■ekkingar ß reynslu og a­stŠ­um ■essara fj÷lskyldna til a­ auka skilning ß st÷­u hˇpsins Ý Ýslensku samfÚlagi. ┴hersla var l÷g­ ß a­ kanna reynslu kj÷rforeldra af ■vÝ a­ Šttlei­a barn af erlendum uppruna og a­ sko­a sambandi­ milli undirb˙nings, frŠ­slu og stu­nings a­ Šttlei­ingu lokinni og lÝ­an fj÷lskyldna. Stefnumˇtun Ýslenskra stjˇrnvalda var­andi Šttlei­ingar var sko­u­, sem og fyrirkomulag undirb˙ningsfrŠ­slu fyrir ver­andi kj÷rforeldra og eftirfylgd og stu­ningur a­ Šttlei­ingu lokinni. Gagna var afla­ me­ vi­t÷lum vi­ kj÷rforeldra og faga­ila. FrŠ­ilegur grundv÷llur var sˇttur Ý rannsˇknir og rit um kj÷rfj÷lskyldur, kj÷rforeldra og kj÷rb÷rn, undirb˙ningsfrŠ­slu fyrir vŠntanlega kj÷rforeldra og ■÷rf kj÷rfj÷lskyldna fyrir eftirfylgd, rß­gj÷f og stu­ningi, svo kalla­a PAS-■÷rf. Helstu ni­urst÷­ur eru a­ kj÷rfj÷lskyldur ß ═slandi hafa, lÝkt og kj÷rfj÷lskyldur Ý ÷­rum l÷ndum, ßkve­na sÚrst÷­u me­al fj÷lskyldna og lřtur sÚrsta­an a­ tilur­ fj÷lskyldnanna, reynslu og fortÝ­ kj÷rforeldra og kj÷rbarna sem og hi­ mikilvŠga en jafnframt krefjandi uppeldis- og um÷nnunarverkefni kj÷rforeldranna. SÚrsta­an hefur Ý f÷r me­ sÚr ■÷rf fyrir sÚrtŠk ˙rrŠ­i af hßlfu samfÚlagsins Ý formi sÚrtŠkrar undirb˙nings- og uppeldisfrŠ­slu og stu­nings■jˇnustu. Undirb˙ningsfrŠ­sla fyrir vŠntanlega kj÷rforeldra uppfyllir ekki frŠ­slu■÷rf allra foreldra og ■÷rf er ß ßframhaldandi ■rˇun og ˙tfŠrslu hennar og annarrar frŠ­slu. Skipul÷g­ eftirfylgd eftir Šttlei­ingu sambŠrileg ■eirri eftirfylgd sem a­rir Ýb˙ar landsins hafa a­gang a­ eftir fŠ­ingu barns er ekki til og annar stu­ningur er ˇfullnŠgjandi Ý n˙verandi mynd og uppfyllir ekki vŠntingar og ■arfir foreldranna sem ■ßtt tˇku Ý ■essari rannsˇkn. Sumir ■eirra lřstu ■vÝ a­ erfitt vŠri a­ finna ˙rrŠ­i vi­ hŠfi fyrir b÷rnin og a­ ■eir hafi mŠtt skilningsleysi fagfˇlks ß sÚr■÷rfum fj÷lskyldunnar sem tengdust Šttlei­ingarreynslunni. SÚrhŠf­ frŠ­sla um kj÷rfj÷lskyldur er lÝtil Ý grunn- og sÝmenntun ■eirra faghˇpa sem sinna ■eim Ý starfi, til dŠmis leikskˇlakennara, grunnskˇlakennara og faghˇpa innan fÚlags- og heilbrig­iskerfis. Rannsˇknir sřna skřrt fram ß mikilvŠgi a­gengilegra stu­nings˙rrŠ­a fyrir velfer­ kj÷rfj÷lskyldna bŠ­i Ý Šttlei­ingarferlinu sjßlfu sem og eftir Šttlei­ingu. L÷g og regluger­ir kve­a ß um a­ rÝki­ beri ßbyrg­ ß a­ undirb˙a vŠntanlega Šttlei­endur ß fullnŠgjandi hßtt fyrir Šttlei­ingu og a­ sty­ja vi­ fj÷lskyldurnar a­ Šttlei­ingu lokinni me­ vi­eigandi eftirfylgd og ■jˇnustu. HÚr vir­ast ■vÝ vera um fj÷lskyldur a­ rŠ­a sem fara ß mis vi­ ■jˇnustu og stu­ning sem samfÚlagi­ ber ßbyrg­ ß a­ veita ■eim. Lykilhugt÷k: Ăttlei­ing, kj÷rfj÷lskylda, kj÷rforeldrar, kj÷rbarn, Šttleidd b÷rn, uppeldi Šttleiddra barna, undirb˙ningur vŠntanlegra kj÷rforeldra, Šttlei­ingarfrŠ­sla, eftirfylgd, rß­gj÷f og stu­ningur eftir Šttlei­ingu, ■jˇnusta eftir Šttlei­ingu.

This thesis describes a study about adoptive families of internationally adopted children in Iceland. The purpose of the study was to gather information about the experiences and cirumstances of these families in order to understand the groupĹs status in Icelandic society. The main focus was on investigating the adoption experience of adoptive parents and the relationship between preparedness before adoption, adoption education, post-adoption support and the well-being of these families. Various important aspects were investigated: Icelandic adoption legislation, the mandatory adoption preparation course for prospective adopters and available post-adoption support. Data was gathered through interviews with adoptive parents and professionals. The theoretical basis of the study was founded on research and writings about adoptive families, adoptive parents, adopted children, preparational education for prospective adopters and about adoptive families' need for follow-up, counseling and post-adoption support. The main findings were that adoptive families in Iceland have, like adoptive families in other countries, a uniqueness pertaining to the way the families are created, the past experiences of both the adoptive parents and the adopted child and the parent's important but challenging task of raising and caring for the adopted child. This uniqueness leads to a need for specific resources in the form of specific adoptive parental education and adoption support services. The current adoptive parent preparational education does not fulfill all parents' educational needs and there is a need for continued development and further customization of the current adoptive educational curriculum and other educational resources. There is no organized follow-up after adoption comparable with the health-service provided to other families in the country after child-birth. Other support service is unsatisfactory and did not satisfy the expectations and needs of those parents participating in this study. Some parents described difficulties in finding appropriate resources for their child and reported a lack of understanding among professionals regarding the family's specific needs pertaining to the adoption experience. Specialized adoption education is scarse in undergraduate- and continuing education of professionals serving adoptive families, e.g. kindergarten teachers, elementary school teachers and professionals within social- and healthcare. Research clearly shows the importance of readily available resources of support for the well-being of adoptive families both through the adoption process as well as post-adoption. Legislation and regulation stipulate that the state is responsible for preparing prospective adopters in a satisfactory manner prior to adoption and to support the adoptive families after adoption with appropriate follow-up and post-adoption support-service. These families therefore, seem to be missing out on service and support that society is responsible for providing them. Key words: Adoption, adoptive family, adoptive parents, adopted children, adoptive parenting, preparation for prospective adoptive parents, adoption education, follow-up, counseling, post-adoption support, post-adoption services (PAS).

Kj÷rfj÷lskyldur Šttleiddra barna af erlendum uppruna ß ═slandi : undirb˙ningur, frŠ­sla og stu­ningur

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